In Panorama City, CA, Myopia Treatment is handled by an experienced optometrist. Diagnosed by a basic eye assessment inclusive of an eye health exam and refraction assessment, it has become a common eye refractive error prevalent in Los Angeles. Your ophthalmologist may request you to look through an assortment of lenses to test your close up vision and distance. Several instruments may be used in diagnosis including eye drops which dilate your eyes enabling the optometrist to see more extensive views inside your eyes.
Myopia Causes and Symptoms
If you are short-sighted, you will be able to see comfortably for close – up tasks like computer use and reading. However, seeing distant objects clearly and reading of road signs will be typically formidable involving a lot of strain. Eye strain, squinting, fatigue when playing sports and headaches are signs of myopia and visiting an ophthalmologist for treatment would be imperative.
Nearsightedness comes about when the eyeball is too long, relative to the eye lens and cornea focusing power. This results in the rays of light focusing in front of the retina instead of focusing directly on its surface. Myopia may also occur when the cornea or lens is too curved for the eyeball length. In some people, myopia is as a result of a combination of both factors. It typically strikes out in childhood, and in most cases stabilize in adulthood. Unfortunately, sometimes it may progress continuously with age calling for treatment.
From the mundane to the exotic, researchers have identified numerous remedies for this increasingly prevalent eye disorder avid to combat its effects.
- Prescription Lenses
Contact lenses – Soft contact lenses and rigid gas – permeable lenses have a positive impact on the progression of nearsightedness. Wearing SCL by children is safe and decreases the progression of myopia. RGC equally decrease the progression of myopia and should be used after confirmation with an eye specialist.
Eyeglasses – It is a safe, less complicated way to sharpen vision caused by myopia. The wide variety of eyeglass lenses usable include progressive multifocals, bifocals, single vision, and trifocals.
- Refractive Surgery
It reduces the need to use contact lenses and eyeglasses. Your eye specialist surgically reshapes the cornea using a laser beam hence decreased nearsighted prescription.
Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) – A thin, hinged flap is made into your cornea by the eye surgeon. The laser is then employed to remove inner layers of your cornea flattening its domed shape. Unlike other cornea surgeries, recovery from LASIK is more rapid with less discomfort.
Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) – An ultra-thin flap is created only in the epithelium of the cornea. A laser is then used by the eye surgeon to reshape the outer layers of the cornea, flattening the curves and then replacing its epithelium.
Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) – It is similar to LASEK, except in PRK the epithelium is completely removed then the eye surgeon uses the laser to reshape the cornea. The epithelium is not replaced but grows back innately according to the new shape of your cornea.
- Topical Medication, Atropine
Atropine low dose (0.01%) as a topical medication may equally help to slow progression of myopia. The exact mechanism of atropine in Myopia Treatment is still unknown although it is commonly used as a pupil dilator before eye surgery.
- Increased time outside
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays may alter the molecular structure of the cornea and sclera maintaining a normal shape. Spending more time outdoors during childhood and early adult years may also reduce the lifetime risk of myopia.
In this procedure, rigid gas permeable contact lenses are worn for a couple of hours a day until the eye curvature evens out. To maintain the new shape, you wear the lenses less frequently afterward. Upon discontinuation of this therapy, your eyes return to their former shape.
Not many eye specialists are professionals adequately trained to treat myopia and keratoconus in California. Eye patients within and out California have traveled just to visit the optometry office in Panorama City, CA to get attended to. You need to find the right myopia doctor to correct your eye defect permanently.