Joint replacement surgery is done to get rid of defective parts of a joint and have those replaced using new artificial parts. The operation is done to help reduce joint pain, improve joint movement, enhance joint and ligament appearance, and restore the joint motion. However, the procedure can pose some risks to patients including loosening and fracturing of implants after some time necessitating further surgery(s), dislocation of the implant, joint stiffness, and pain. Due to these risks, the following techniques are used as alternative to joint replacement:
Platelets are blood cells that help prevent bleeding when one’s skin has been injured. The cells contain chemicals that enhance the repair of damaged tissue and scarring. Injured joints can be repaired using an injection of platelet-rich plasma. The procedure has been shown to work where other treatment plans have failed.
The procedure involves collecting bone marrow tissue from healthy joints and transferring it using an injection, to those that have become damaged due to disease or injury. Bone marrow and fat cells are abundant in progenitor cells which are vital in the development of new tissue. Any healthy person including infants can donate stem cells to a patient requiring a bone marrow transplant to relieve joint pain since the cells can even be detected in amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
The method is used when only a small part of a joint has suffered damage. Most of the bone is preserved, and the surgeon replaces the damaged part of a joint using small quantities of artificial materials. However, the repaired part of the joint is not capable of preventing degeneration in other parts, thus, making this procedure fail to be a long-term solution to joint problems.
The procedure is also known as tendon reconstruction, regenerative joint injection, or non-surgical ligament. It helps to enhance the healing process of the body in the repair of injured joint and the strengthening of connective tissues. The procedure is validated by the fact that when the connective tissues around a joint such as tendons and ligaments overstretch or tear, this can result in a lack of stability and pain. The medical procedure also stimulates the growth of new collagen tissue, which further helps in stabilizing the joints, thus eradicating pain.
Doctors administer the treatment through direct injection to the part of the joint that has been injured. The injected part might become inflamed for some days after the injection, which triggers the growth of new fiber to help tighten the joint and remove pain.
Methods used as alternative to joint replacement are less invasive, thus, preferred over those that involve surgery. The patient also receives a holistic treatment of the cells surrounding diseased or injured joints. The procedures have a shorter recovery period compared to operation.